EALC Notes - 19:27 3/15 EALC 1011 Monday, March 15, 2010...

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  19:27 3/15 EALC 1011 Monday, March 15, 2010 1:00 PM Class Notes Transition from Sui to Tang Sui Dynasty disintegrated into small states States were unified into the Tang Dynasty by the Sui general Li Yuan Li Yuan became Emperor Gaozu (first Tang Dynasty Emperor) Name change to indicate change has occurred - separating himself from his original roots Tang Dynasty 618-907 AD Capital: Chang'an (Xi'an) Cultural center of Chinese civilization in Tang Dynasty (population ca. 70 million) Imperial Examination System Civil service system Students of Confucian studies were candidates for imperial examinations -> would become state officials in local, provincial, and central government Promotion of Confucian education in the Tang Dynasty - why? Two types of Examinations Mingjing = illuminating the classics examination Based on Confucian classics, tested students' knowledge of various texts
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Jinshi = presented scholar examination Tested students' literary abilities: essay writing, poetry composition, calligraphy, speech Pros and cons of this examination system? Background, class, political reasons Cons: Allowed wealthy members of society to be chosen over the lower ones who Exams were open to all males whose fathers were not artisans or merchants Pros: Drew the best talents into government Widespread Confucian education in state-run schools Social mobility by not only limiting official ranks to imperial members Imperial dependence on aristocratic families would be destabilizing -> wanted official with no autonomous territorial power Tang Law of equal division of inherited property amongst heirs -> prevents distributing positions based on blood relations Scholar officials acquired status in their local community and family ties, while they also shared values connected to the imperial court Religion and Politics Religion played an important role in Tang politics Rise to power Li Yuan claimed descent from Daoist sage Laozi Examinations -> Buddhist monks would be paid for prayers The role of politics in religion 714 Emperor forbade shops to sell copies of sutras -> Buddhist temples & clergy as sole distributors of sutras Equal distribution of wealth among Buddhist temples Tang Dynasty, Korea, and Japan 644 Emperor Taizong's military campaign against Korean kingdom of Koguryo 633 battle against Silla and Japan 668 Koguryo was destroyed -> Tang control over northern Korea until 676 when Tang was driven out by unified Silla
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Although Tang fought Japan, they still had relations: 1)Imperial embassies to China from Japan 2)Chinese monks to Japan 3)trade Empress Wu Entered Emperor Gaozong's court as a consort She rose to power through cruel and calculating behavior -> she killed her own baby and blamed it on Gaozong's empress so that this empress would be demoted
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course EALC 1021 at Colorado.

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EALC Notes - 19:27 3/15 EALC 1011 Monday, March 15, 2010...

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