Lecture 6September 27

Lecture 6September - Today in Comparative Politics Predatory theory of the state cont Defining and measuring democracy In-class exam next Monday

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Today in Comparative Politics Predatory theory of the state, cont. Defining and measuring democracy In-class exam next Monday: Coverage: Chapters 1-5 Format: mixture of short-answer questions, problems, and brief essays Closed book and notes
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Predatory View of the State Contractarian view of the state: conflicts of interests between individuals Predatory view: conflicts of interest between citizens and the state Regimes face own security dilemma: potential rivals always vying to take their place Concern for security leads states to use their power to extract resources from others That is, to act as predators
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Trading one problem for another If we surrender control over violence to the state, what stops the state from using this power against us? Quis custodiet ipsos custodes? “Who guards the guardian?” (Juvenal) Take a strategic approach to this problem
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The players Specialist in violence, who chooses Protect private property in exchange for tax payments or Despoil private property Groups of citizens, who choose Work productively, earn incomes, and pay taxes or Mobilize militarily, to Seize the incomes of other groups or Defend their own incomes from seizure
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Outcomes Political order Specialist chooses to protect Groups of citizens work and play, forswearing arms and paying their taxes Both parties are secure and prosperous . Political disorder Specialist turns from guardian to predator, seizing resources from a group Citizens groups mobilize for fighting.
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2012 for the course 790 104 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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Lecture 6September - Today in Comparative Politics Predatory theory of the state cont Defining and measuring democracy In-class exam next Monday

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