Lecture 16 November 29

Lecture 16 November 29 - Today in Comparative Politics...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Today in Comparative Politics Political parties Social cleavages, electoral rules, and party systems
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Political Parties Organizations that include Officeholders Those who help get and keep them there
Background image of page 2
Purposes of political parties 1. Frame the political realm for voters and politicians. Aggregate individual interests into collective policy stances Resolve voters’ uncertainty about electoral options Coordinate legislators’ actions 2. Recruit and train the political elite. 3. Mobilize the masses. Promote turnout, other political participation Foster collective action to produce legislation 4. Connect citizens’ preferences to policy. Advocate members’ interests to government Hold individual politicians accountable for their behavior Control behavior of citizens
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Party Systems Nonpartisan democracy Palau, Tuvaru, Micronesia, …, and Nebraska Single-party system One-party dominant system Other parties legal Only one with chance of holding power Two-party system Multiparty system
Background image of page 4
Questions about party systems Why do some systems have many parties and others have few? Why are some systems divided primarily along ethnic lines? Why are others divided mainly along class, religious, linguistic or regional ones?
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Counting Parties Just counting won’t quite do: Anti-Prohibition Party (2010 NY gubernatorial race) Rent Is 2 Damn High Party (2010 NY gubernatorial race) Beer Drinkers Party (Russia, Poland, U.S., …) New Millennium Bean Party (Britain) Party for Labour, Rule of Law, Protection of Animals, Promotion of Elites and Grassroot-Democratic Initiative (Germany) Church of the Militant Elvis Party ( Britain ) Union of Conscientiously Work-Shy Elements (Denmark)
Background image of page 6
Measuring the Number of Parties Need to account for variations in their strength UK 2010 elections: scores of parties ran, only 11 got seats, and only 2 got more than 10% of the seats (Conservative, 47%; Labour, 40%) So we measure the effective number of parties N = 1/(p 1 2 +p 2 2 + +p n 2 ) p i = is the proportion of seats (or votes) of the i th party
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Measuring the Number of Parties Example: Country X, party A wins 50% of the seats, and party B wins 50% of the seats N = 1/(.5 2 + .5 2 ) = 1/(.25 + .25) = 1/(.5) = 2 X clearly has a two-party system.
Background image of page 8
Measuring the Number of Parties Example: Country Y, party A wins 30% of the seats, party B wins 70% N = 1/(.3 2 + .7 2 ) = 1/(.09 + .49) = 1/(.58) = 1.72 parties, which reflects B’s dominance
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Counting Parties Effective Number of Electoral Parties I.e., parties that win votes N = 1/(v 1 2 + v 2 2 + + v n 2 ) Effective Number of Legislative Parties I.e., parties that win seats N = 1/(s 1 2 + s 2 2 + + s n 2 )
Background image of page 10
the Duchy of Grand Fenwick, four parties won 40%, 30%, 20%, and 10% of the seats. The effective number of legislative parties
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 57

Lecture 16 November 29 - Today in Comparative Politics...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 12. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online