Lecture 18 December 6

Lecture 18 December 6 - Today in Comparative Politics...

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Today in Comparative Politics Parliamentary, Presidential and Mixed Democracies Two Visions of Democracy: Implications for Democratic Institutions Looking ahead… Final Exam College Avenue Gym Annex Thursday, December 16 8 to 11 am Not in Scott 123!
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Final exam Thursday, December 16 8 to 11 a.m. College Avenue Gym Annex NOT in Scott !
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Three Types of Democracy Presidential Parliamentary Mixed Classification depends on the relationship between Government Legislature President (if any)
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Government A parliamentary democracy: government depends only on a legislative majority to exist. The government comprises a prime minister and the cabinet. Prime minister = political chief executive and head of the government Cabinet: ministers who head the various government departments. In a parliamentary democracy, the executive branch = “the government”
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What Distinguishes Them? A presidential democracy : the government does not depend on a legislative majority to exist. A parliamentary democracy : the government depends only on a legislative majority to exist. A mixed democracy : the government depends on a legislative majority and on an independently elected president to exist. Legislative responsibility : legislative majority has the constitutional power to remove a government from office without cause. Legislature removes a government by means of a vote of no confidence .
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Government Ministerial responsibility : constitutional doctrine by which cabinet ministers must bear ultimate responsibility for what happens in their ministry. Collective cabinet responsibility : doctrine by which ministers must publicly support collective cabinet decisions or resign.
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Government Formation New governments form in parliamentary democracies in two circumstances: 1. Following elections 2. During an inter-election period, following the resignation of the current government How do governments form? Government must enjoy the “confidence” of the legislature both to come to power and to stay in power. All governments need the support of a legislative majority.
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Which Parties Form the Government? If a single party controlled a majority of the legislative seats, that party usually forms the government. But what happens when there is no majority party? It is relatively rare to have majority parties in parliamentary democracies. 81% of the governments that formed in Western Europe from 1945 to 1998 emerged from political situations in which there was no majority party.
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Government Formation F ormateur: person designated to form the government; the formateur is often the PM designate. The leader from the party winning the most seats normally
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2012 for the course 790 104 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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Lecture 18 December 6 - Today in Comparative Politics...

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