highway-unit-1-hand-outs - UNIT 1. HIGHWAY PLANNING AND...

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UNIT 1. HIGHWAY PLANNING AND ALIGNMENT 8 History of road development in India. Classification of highways. Institutions for Highway planning, design and implementation at different levels Factors influencing highway alignment Engineering surveys for alignment, objectives, conventional and modern methods.
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Roman Road Construction Basic cross section
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History of Road Development in India Ancient Period (3500 BC) Mughul Period (15 th Century) British Period (17 th th Century) Free India (1950 onwards)
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Types of Ancient Indian Roads Indus Valley Civilization : Roads with brick drains on both sides. Mauryan rule in the 4th century constructed Rajpath (high roads) Banikpaths (merchant roads). Ashoka Regime: Road networks with horticulture and rest houses at 4.8 – 6.4km along the roads. Mughul Period Trunk roads between Northwest to Eastern part and also linking coastal and central part of India British Period Trunk roads, bridges, PWD was formed, construction of Grand Trunk Road
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Indian Roads India has a large road network of over 3.314 million kilometers of roadways (2.1 million miles), making it 3 rd largest road network in the world. At 0.66 km of highway per square kilometer of land the density of India’s highway network is higher than that of the United States (0.65) and far higher than that of China's (0.16) or Brazil's (0.20).
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Impact of Transportation Economic Development Social Development Spatial Development Cultural Development Political Development
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Institution for Highway Planning, Design and Implementation at Different Levels Jayakar Committee (1927) Central Road Fund (1929) Indian Roads Congress (IRC), 1934 Central Road Research Institute (CRRI), 1950 National Highway Act, 1956 National Highway Authority of India (NHAI),1995 National highway act ( 1956 ) Second twenty year road plan ( 1961 ) Highway Research board ( 1973 ) National Transport Policy committee ( 1978 ) Third twenty year road plan ( 1981 )
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Jayakar Committee,1927 Road development should be made a national interest since the provincial and local govt do not have financial and technical capacity for road development. Levy extra tax on petrol from road users to create the road development fund. To establish a semi-official ,technical institution to pool technical knowledge, sharing of ideas and to act as an advisory body. To create a national level institution to carry research , development works and consultation.
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CRF Act , 2000 Distribution of 100% cess on petrol as follows: 57.5% for NH 30% for SH 12.5% for safety works on rail-Road crossing. 50% cess on diesel for Rural Road development
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course CIVIL ENG 101 taught by Professor Prof. during the Spring '12 term at American Indian College.

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highway-unit-1-hand-outs - UNIT 1. HIGHWAY PLANNING AND...

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