Unit3 - Baroque 16001750 HandlesMessiah, Styles...

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Baroque 01:12 1600-1750 Johan Sebastian Bach died 1750 Handles Messiah, most well known baroque Styles Overlap, named after Baroque Large size Love of drama Opera, oratorio, cantata Religious conflict: catholic v protestant Design no longer balanced Dramatic treatment of light Love of size and grandeur Michelangelo, Sistine chapel Individuals Issac newton – gravity William gilbert – electricity Robert boyle – chemistry Rene Descartes – geometry Robert hooke – cellular biology
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William Harvey – circulation of blood Galileo galilee, Johannes kepler – astronomy Baroque sub-periods Transition Venice Basilica of saint mark Two choruses, two organs Polychoral/antiphonal singing Early (1600 – 1650) Experimental Middle (1650 – 1700) Mature (late or middle) (1700 – 1750) Intruments Viols v violins Viols: frets, 6 strings, flatter body Patronage system Steady employment Details Shorthand “figured bass” Melodies for more than one work Borrowed melodies
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Young boys copied parts Didn’t fuss over detail Not as long or technical Homophony Metrical rhythm Major/minor keys Tonal centers Modulation Doctrine of affections Consistent moods Recitatives Express text Wider vocal range Half steps – chromaticism More rhythmic freedom Not memorable melody Words seldom repeated Performances Church, palaces No professional No conductor Improvisation
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Unit3 - Baroque 16001750 HandlesMessiah, Styles...

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