How Do We Reflect Our Worldview in Decision Making Regarding Money, Occupation, or Career?
"The Cosmos is all that is or ever was or ever will be" (astrophysicist Carl Sagan, as cited in Sire, 1988).
Sagan's statement is the foundation of naturalism: this physical world is all there is, and there is nothing
else. Several beliefs flow from this one basic idea.
The naturalist and Christian answers to foundational worldview questions (as presented in Module 1) will
be examined, and both worldviews will be examined in the context of decisions people make regarding
money, work, and career.
What is Naturalism?
When first studying a worldview, it is often helpful to review a variety of definitions for that belief system.
Each author brings a different emphasis, providing a fuller understanding of that worldview.
Delaplane (n.d.) provides a concise overview of naturalism:
Naturalism is the belief that nature is all there is. There is nothing outside of nature, or if there is, it
is unknowable. All phenomena, whether physical, biological, psychological, or even spiritual, can
be completely explained by laws of nature.
Since the natural world is all there is, there is no supernatural. Here is naturalism's answer to our first
Does God exist?
If there is no supernatural, there is no God.
Naturalism answers the idea of a god or a supreme being by asserting that the idea of
was invented by
God, in this metaphysical system, is inherently a product of human imagination, and therefore a
relic from prescientific times, when humans knew no better than to attribute to a supernatural
being their own existence and that of everything else they encountered (Johnson, n.d.).
In contrast, the question is answered with a resounding "Yes" by someone with a Biblical worldview.
Unlike the naturalist who says that matter is eternal, the Christian says that only God is eternal and all
matter was created by God.
Ethics is one of the major categories concerning worldview questions. The question to answer is,
defines right and wrong?
The idea that there is no God has significant impact on the naturalist's ethics. If there is no God, then there
is no objective, external standard for ethics. There is no way to
define right and wrong outside
Since there is no standard for ethics