poli 12- final terms

poli 12- final terms - 1. Outbidding a. Definition: By...

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1. Outbidding a. Definition: By inflicting actual harm on the target’s civilian population, the terrorists aim to scare potential future victims into pressing their leaders to change policy or settle the conflict that led to the use of violence in the first place b. Significance: Unable to defeat the target’s military and impose its policy demands, terrorists use the fear of future attacks to motivate the population to press its own government to change its behavior or make concessions or even to change the governing party in power. By attacking apparently at random, the terrorists aim to strike broad fear into all segments in society and mobilize the maximum pressure on the government. c. Example: Fatah and Hamas competing for Home’s loyalty by trying to out do eachother’s attack in the West Bank. 2. Chlorofluorocarbons a. Definition: Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) are haloalkanes with both chlorine and fluorine . They were formerly used widely in industry, for example as refrigerants , propellants, and cleaning solvents. Their use has been regularly prohibited by the Montreal Protocol , because of their effects on the ozone layer (see ozone depletion ). They also contribute to global warming . b. Significance: Chlorofluorocarbons are a main contributor to the depletion of the ozone layer, and cause global warming to increase. Because of this, the US took a major role, and thus suffered the greatest losses, to put a ban on releasing them. The Montreal Protocol was so widely accepted and successful, that more chemicals were also banned from use later in the twentieth century. c. Example: Cleaning solvents 3. Kyoto Protocol a. Definition: The Kyoto protocol is an amendment to the international treaty on climate change , assigning mandatory emission limitations for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions to the signatory nations. b. Significance: The Kyoto protocol could have helped to limit the CO2 emissions, however the US, and President Bush, was reluctant to sign the treaty because it felt as though it was an undue burden for the US, because they would bare the brunt of the restrictions. The US did not support it, and therefore the protocol was a lot less effective. c. Example: The Kyoto Protocol did not bring about major changes because it was not widely accepted by the major industrialized countries, and therefore the countries that could make the biggest changes. 4. Common Pool Resource a. Definition: A common pool resource is a type of collective action problem, which is non-excludable but rival in consumption. Therefore
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everyone is entitled to it, but there isn’t enough for everyone to have as much as they want (Basically once it is gone, it is gone). b.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course POLI SCI 12 taught by Professor Lake during the Spring '07 term at UCSD.

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poli 12- final terms - 1. Outbidding a. Definition: By...

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