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mythology discussion week 3

mythology discussion week 3 - Aphrodite 19messages19unread...

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Aphrodite    19 messages -  19 unread   1. Examine the "double tradition" of Aphrodite's birth.  How is this ambiguity fitting for the goddess of love?  2. Recall the Pygmalion story. What more modern  stories seem to echo this tale? How might a feminist  interpret it?  3. Who was Adonis? What does he come to stand for?  4. Respond to the rituals for Cybele and Attis.  5. Respond to Plato's (Aristophanes') account of the  origins of human gender.  6. Mention keys events in the Cupid and Psyche  story?Who is the "audience" for this tale? Who  would it "speak" to?  This is a story of self-mutilation and regeneration. Attis was the son of Nana was grew to be a very handsome young man that  Cybele fell in love with. Attis had his eye on the king of Pessinus daughter,  fell in love and married her.  Of course, this didn’t sit well with Cybele as she  became incredibly jealous and drove Attis mad.  Attis insanity caused him to  castrate and kill himself.  According to  http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/nemythology/a/cybeleattis.htm , since the  resurrection, “a yearly ritual has been performed to purify the body of the  dead Attis. The priests -- referred to as Galli or Gallae -- are emasculated in  emulation of Attis. A pine tree is chopped down, covered with violets and  carried to the shrine of Cybele on Mt. Dindymus. There Attis is mourned for 3  days. Then, when Cybele brings him back to life, there is a wild and joyful  celebration”.  Respond to the rituals for Cybele and Attis. Cybele is an ancient facility goddess who was in love with Attis when she was young.  Attis  was 
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Adonis (Phoenician "lord"), in Greek mythology , the god of beauty and desire , is figure with Northwest Semitic antecedents, where he is a central figure in various mystery religions . The Greek δωνις ( Greek pronunciation: [ ad nis] ˈ ɔː ), Adōnis is a variation of the Semitic word Adonai , "lord", which is also one of the names used to refer to God in the Old Testament. Syrian Adonis is closely related to the Cypriot Gauas [1] or Aos, to Egyptian Osiris , to the Semitic Tammuz and Baal Hadad , to the Etruscan Atunis and the Phrygian Attis , all of whom are deities of rebirth and vegetation . [2] His religion belonged to women: the dying of Adonis was fully developed in the circle of young girls around the poet Sappho from the island of Lesbos , about 600 BCE, as revealed in a fragment of Sappho's surviving poetry. [3]
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