Reconstruction2

Reconstruction2 - Reconstruction (1865 1877) 1/18/2008...

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Reconstruction (1865 – 1877) 18/01/2008 14:00:00 The period of American history between 1865 and 1877 during witch the nation  recovered from the war During this period, America faced serious economic Property damage  Scorcher earth tactics Sherman’s march to the sea Guerilla warfare Farms turned battle fields The Southern Economy  Shattered by war  Property damage Industries destroyed Debt Lack of capitol Markets changed Slave labor to free labor Southern Society and Politics 250,000 Southern dead many more maimed refugees Political Power Vacuum
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Southern Governments deposed Fear of insurrection What about the freed slaves? What would their role on society be? How would they be treated? Lincoln and the Radical Republicans disagreed on several key points: Status of the Seceded states  Punishment of former Confederate officials  Loyalty of Southern Governments Lincoln’s Position: Southern states had never actually left the Union-secession was illegal Favored a quick restoration under presidential administration Radical Republic Position:  South’s political leadership should be punished Could not be trusted to run the southern states Favored Reconstruction under congressional Administration Lincoln’s Ten Percent Plan (Dec. 1863) (proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction)
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“oath of Loyalty” No High-Ranking Confederates Radical Republican Reaction Wade-Davis Bill (August 1864) Sen. Benamin Wade of Ohio and Sen. Henry Davis of Maryland Lincoln’s Assassination April 13, 1865 Lincoln’s death came shortyly after Lee’s surrender at Appomattox. John Wilkes Booth  Ford’s Theater Lincoln’s death and Reconstruction. Andrew Johnson. o Self-made man hated the planter class Presidential Reconstruction under Johnson Andrew Johnson was a southern Democrat Johnson’s plan for reconstruction o Similar to ten percent plan o Blanket amnesty  o $20,000 limit (planters o prohibited from voting o prohibited from holding office
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o personal pardons The beginning of Congressional Reconstruction Congress Returned from break and found: Johnson pardoned anyone who came to him The southern Governments Reforming  Under the people Johnson had pardoned The Republicans did not like what those governments were doing “bourbon Democrats” Mostly Planter Class Hereditary Ruling class Largely Responsible for the war Sought to Reestablish themselves Johnson helped them to do sp Radical Republicans sought to reverse this  Bourbon Democrats Sent the following to congress:
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 2700 taught by Professor Stanley during the Spring '08 term at North Texas.

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Reconstruction2 - Reconstruction (1865 1877) 1/18/2008...

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