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Bill_of_Rights_and_Seventh_Amendment - Bill of Rights and...

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Bill of Rights and Amendments The Constitution became ratified and the supreme law of the land September 17, 1787. Our forefathers understood that the possibility of changes may need to occur to this document to continue to grow with the expanding nation. The act of amending is the way the founders have set up to create any possible changes Americans feel need to be made. Without these changes the nation inhibits itself, and remains in the context of a black and white document. In a nation of unique individuals change is constant and what keeps this country thriving. This paper will continue to discuss how and why amendments become part of the Constitution, what problems with the original document motivates the adoption of the Bill of Rights, the effects of the Bill of Rights, what problems or changes in society led to Amendments XIII through XV, and the effects of these later Amendments. Amendments: The Why and How The United States of America is a country constantly growing and filled with different ideas of change. For the United States to keep up with the constant change, they must be able to add amendments. For example slavery and women’s right to vote, both added in later generations because the normal perception of these individuals had changed. If the amending process had not been created people of such high power would not exist today. For example, President Obama, he is the first African American to hold office. If he did not receive the same rights as every other individual, the nation would not be able to share in the growth. To right their wrongs they had to go back and amend the original document. “The authority to amend the Constitution of the United States of America is derived from Article V of the Constitution” (National Archive and Record Administration, 2011, para. 1). Two ways of proposing an amendment are: by Congress or a Constitutional Convention. For an amendment to be proposed by Congress there must be a majority two-thirds vote in both house of representatives and Senate (The Constitutional Amendment Process, 2011, para. 2). Once it has been proposed, it moves to an Archivist who proposes it to the states, and for this amendment to become part of the Constitution it must receive 38 of the 50 states ratification.
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