Henryetal2009 - Journal of Counseling Psychology 2009, Vol....

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The Role of Attachment to Family, School, and Peers in Adolescents’ Use of Alcohol: A Longitudinal Study of Within-Person and Between-Persons Effects Kimberly L. Henry and Eugene R. Oetting Colorado State University Michael D. Slater The Ohio State University A great deal of time and money has been spent to understand why adolescents abuse alcohol. Some of the most fruitful work considers the social context navigated by adolescents, including family, school, and peer contexts. However, most of this work focuses on differences between adolescents in these contexts. The present study adds to the literature by considering within-person changes in these contexts and examines the extent to which these changes are related to alcohol use. Significant changes in all 3 contexts were observed, and these changes were significantly related to alcohol use. The significant influence of intrapersonal variability highlights the importance of attending not only to chronic, between-individual issues facing at-risk youths but emergent and transient issues that may temporarily heighten alcohol use risk. Keywords: alcohol, adolescence, peers, family, school Adolescent alcohol use is a serious public health concern—one that can and does produce harmful, even life-threatening, conse- quences in both the short and long term (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 2004/2005). Despite these conse- quences, alcohol use among youths in the United States is a relatively common behavior. According to the 2006 wave of the Monitoring the Future study (Johnston, O’Malley, Bachman, & Schulenberg, 2007), 6.2% of 8th graders, 18.8% of 10th graders, and 30.0% of 12th graders reported getting drunk within the 30 days prior to the survey. In response to the high prevalence of alcohol use and the potential for deleterious effects, a great deal of time, money, and energy has been spent to understand why adolescents abuse alco- hol and how it may be prevented. Some of the most fruitful work in this area considers the social context navigated by adolescents. For example, several seminal studies have demonstrated that dis- engagement from prosocial entities (e.g., family and school) and either simultaneous or subsequent engagement with antisocial en- tities (e.g., delinquent or substance-using friends) are critical con- tributors to adolescent alcohol use. Primary socialization theory (Oetting, Deffenbacher, & Donner- meyer, 1998; Oetting & Donnermeyer, 1998; Oetting, Donnerm- eyer, & Deffenbacher, 1998; Oetting, Donnermeyer, Trimble, & Beauvais, 1998), peer cluster theory (Oetting & Beauvais, 1986, 1987), and the social development model (Catalano & Hawkins, 1996) describe the mechanisms by which attachment to family, school, and peers influences involvement in alcohol use. These models draw largely on the theoretical underpinnings of social control theory (Hirschi, 1971), differential association theory (Matsueda, 1988), and social learning theory (Bandura, 1977) to describe the transitions associated with prosocial and antisocial development (Fleming, Catalano, Oxford, & Harachi, 2002).
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course PYSC 521 taught by Professor Dr.zarrett during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

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Henryetal2009 - Journal of Counseling Psychology 2009, Vol....

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