taylor7e_ppt_ch01_contineud

taylor7e_ppt_ch01_contineud - Cheryl A. Armstead, Ph.D....

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Unformatted text preview: Cheryl A. Armstead, Ph.D. Over the last 100 years, ◦ significant changes in the nature and perspective of “health and disease” as phenomena and concepts 4 general areas of change ◦ changes in majors causes of mortality ◦ changes in cost to provide medical care ◦ changes in defining health ◦ changes in models of proper healthcare/delivery Infectious Disease & Chronic Diseases ◦ infectious disease- faster progression/less affected by preventive individual behaviors ◦ chronic disease/condition- develop/persist over time, affected/modified by preventive behavior In 1900- of 10 leading causes of death, ◦ 5 are infectious disease, 5 chronic disease/behavioral” influenza/pneumonia tuberculosis diphtheria typhoid fever measles In 1997, 9 are chronic/behavioral, 2 infectious CVD Cancer Kidney Disease COPD Diabetes Accidents Liver Disease/Cirrhosis Suicide Alzheimer's Changing patterns of illness. Trends in the death rates for various diseases during the 20th century reveal that contagious diseases (shown in blue) have declined as a threat to health. However, the death rates for stress-related chronic diseases (shown in red) have remained quite high. The pie chart (inset) shows the results of these trends: three chronic diseases (heart disease, cancer, and stroke) account for 61.9% of all deaths.disease, cancer, and stroke) account for 61....
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course PYSC 521 taught by Professor Dr.zarrett during the Spring '11 term at South Carolina.

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taylor7e_ppt_ch01_contineud - Cheryl A. Armstead, Ph.D....

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