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taylor7e_ppt_ch01_contineud

taylor7e_ppt_ch01_contineud - Cheryl A Armstead Ph.D Over...

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Cheryl A. Armstead, Ph.D.
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Over the last 100 years, significant changes in the nature and perspective of  “health and disease” as phenomena and concepts 4 general areas of change changes in majors causes of mortality changes in cost to provide medical care changes in defining health changes in models of proper healthcare/delivery
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Infectious Disease & Chronic Diseases infectious disease - faster progression/less affected by  preventive individual behaviors chronic disease/condition - develop/persist over time,  affected/modified by preventive behavior In 1900- of 10 leading causes of death,  5 are infectious disease, 5 chronic disease/behavioral” influenza/pneumonia tuberculosis diphtheria typhoid fever measles In 1997, 9 are chronic/behavioral, 2 infectious CVD Cancer  Kidney Disease COPD Diabetes  Accidents Liver Disease/Cirrhosis  Suicide Alzheimer's
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Changing patterns of illness. Trends in the death rates for various diseases during the 20th century reveal that contagious diseases (shown in blue) have declined as a threat to health. However, the death rates for stress-related chronic diseases (shown in red) have remained quite high. The pie chart (inset) shows the results of these trends: three chronic diseases (heart disease, cancer, and stroke) account for 61.9% of all deaths.
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