MSCI311 Organizational Research

MSCI311 Organizational Research - 17/01/2012 Organizational...

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17/01/2012 1 Organizational Research (Textbook – Appendix A) MSCI 311 Organizational Design and Technology Winter 2012 Geovania Pimenta
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17/01/2012 2 1. General concepts 2. Organizational research methods 3. Evaluating research quality
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17/01/2012 3 1. General concepts a) Theory – Concise explanation of some phenomenon in the world • Concepts – force, mass • Relationships among concepts, e. g. F=ma is an explanation of force, mass and acceleration; Hawthorne effect – Good theories • Conceptually rigorous – theoretical concepts and variables and their relationships clearly explained • Operational – measureable (possible to prove)
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17/01/2012 4 1. General concepts - Continued • Generalizable – can be repeated for a similar phenomenon and still work • Parsimonious – the simplest possible theory that accounts for the facts is the best theory (fewer results and less assumptions) – Relationship between theory and the empirical phenomenon under investigation • Deductive vs. inductive research
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17/01/2012 5 Deductive Approach Deductive General theory → specific data Theory predicts what is going on Hypothesis theory-based research question, expressed as a prediction operationalization & data collection Problems: Inadequate pre-existing theories Blindness to what we don’t know
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17/01/2012 6 Inductive Approach Inductive Specific data → general theory Based on a perception of some phenomenon Summarize & interpret data to refine understanding of what’s going on Problems: Generalizability Influence of pre-existing theory
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17/01/2012 7 Hypothesis A theory-based research question expressed as a prediction Testing a hypothesis “Real” world Facts from the real world are complex Experimental situation Designed to represent the hypothesis
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17/01/2012 8 Representational system Symbols for description of a phenomenon Ordinary language as a set of ambiguous categories Example: Description of motion Mathematics as language of science Misuse
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MSCI311 Organizational Research - 17/01/2012 Organizational...

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