Week 3-Linguistic Variation and Language Change PPT0

Week 3-Linguistic Variation and Language Change PPT0 -...

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Linguistic Variation and Language Change LING 100/Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova
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Linguistic Variation does not always lead to language change, e.g. h-dropping vs. no h-dropping in England However, language change is always the result of linguistic variation Linguistic Variation and Language Change LING100/Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova
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Linguistic Variation Language is highly variable Stocks and investments and stuff like that in math but no, they don’t do nothen . Like, I don’t do anything. We were talken about school and I don’t do anything that I’ve learned from school. Notheen. ( Alberta English Corpus ; quoted in Van Herk 2010) Five words ending in -ing 2 [ ı ŋ ], 2 [ ən], 1 [ın] LING100/Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova
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Linguistic Variation A study of /aw/ (e.g. in “crowd”) fronting indexes in Toronto and Vancouver shows younger speakers produce vowels that are more advanced (closer to the front) in the vocal tract than older speakers (Van Herk 2010) Age Toronto Index Vancouver Index 12 81 76 22 58 58 46+ 24 32 LING100/Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova
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Studies of speech communities in Newfoundland (Van Herk 2010) Variable Word Phonetic Realization /ej/ bay standard [ej] nonstandard [e:] /o/ boat standard [ow] nonstandard [o:] / Ɵ/ three standard [ Ɵ ] nonstandard [t] / ð/ this
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