Week 2-Animal Communication PPT0

Week 2-Animal - Animal Communication LING 100 Ivelina Tchizmarova(Eva Ph.D Language as a Motor Activity Speech demands fine rapid motor control

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Animal Communication LING 100 Ivelina Tchizmarova (Eva), Ph.D.
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Speech demands fine & rapid motor control Larynx, mouth, face, tongue & breath movement must be synchronized with cognitive activity Hand and face gestures of apes – flexible & involved with social interaction Parkinson’s patients: basal ganglia damage movements and language disorders, e.g. regular verbs (combinatorial, sequential tasks) rather than irregular verbs (long-term memory) gestures and language strong link LING 100/Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova Language as a Motor Activity
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Better candidates for precursors of speech? Chimp gestures – no explicit association with a concept or thing But Primate alarm calls are more like words African Diana monkeys modulate their call to indicate type of danger (leopard or eagle) LING 100/Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova Animal Calls
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Mirror neurons, imitation – vital for language Parrots, dolphins Mirror neurons activate in monkeys (macaques): (a) when they watch another monkey (or a person) perform an action ; (b) during goal-directed hand and mouth movement, e.g. reaching for food These are similar to Broca’s area in humans connection between imitation, action recognition and language LING 100/Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova Imitation and Language
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Classic language Areas in the human brain - Broca’s and Wernicke’s overlap with areas critical for imitation Babies imitate sounds guided by gestural features (i.e. actions of the
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2012 for the course LING 100 taught by Professor Burgess during the Spring '10 term at Simon Fraser.

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Week 2-Animal - Animal Communication LING 100 Ivelina Tchizmarova(Eva Ph.D Language as a Motor Activity Speech demands fine rapid motor control

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