Aboriginal Languages%2c Pidgins%2c Creoles PPT (1)

Aboriginal Languages%2c Pidgins%2c Creoles PPT (1) - LING...

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Aboriginal Languages, Pidgins and Creoles LING 100 Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova LING 100 / Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova
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Primitive Languages? Do you know any such languages? A language belonging to a primitive culture? 1955 Guinness Book of Records: Arunta (=Aranda), Central Australia The “primitive languages” category - removed from later editions LING 100 / Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova
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Primitive Languages? What does primitive mean? adj. 1. Not derived from s.th. else; primary or basic. 3. Characterized by simplicity/rudity; unsophisticated: primitive weapons. 4. Anthropology Of/relating to a nonindustrial, often tribal culture, esp. one characterized by a low level of economic complexity: primitive societies. 5. Linguistics a. Serving as basis for derived or inflected forms: pick => picket. b. Being a protolanguage: primitive Germanic. 9. Biology Occurring in/characteristic of an early stage of LING 100 / Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova
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Primitive Languages Languages often called ‘primitive’ American Indian Languages Australian Aboriginal Languages Khoe or Bushman Languages of the Kalahari Desert Local Languages in Papua New Guinea or Vanuatu Maori in New Zealand Languages rarely called ‘primitive’ English Latin, Classical Greek French, Italian, Portuese, Spanish Dutch, German, Swedish, Russian Sanskrit, Hindi, Persian (Farsi), Japanese, Arabic, Hebrew LING 100 / Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova
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Primitive Languages Languages/Cultures? often called ‘primitive’ LING 100 / Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova Languages/Cultures? rarely called ‘primitive’
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Primitive Languages? Languages rarely called primitive are… ? European or closely related/ Indo-European VOWELS Dyirbal , Aboriginal language of Queensland Has only 3 vowels; Is that primitive? Cf. English (20-24 vowels, depending on the dialect) Cf. Maori , many languages of Vanuatu , Latin , Spanish ? All have 5 vowels? Are they primitive? Cf. Arabic ? LING 100 / Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova
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CONSONANTS Maori , many Polynesian Languages Maori has only 10 consonants; Is that primitive? Cf. English (24 consonants, depending on the dialect) Cf. Diyar i (Aboriginal language, South Australia) 22 consonants (similar to English) Cf. Khoe language !Xũ 95 consonants! Primitive Languages?
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Aboriginal Languages%2c Pidgins%2c Creoles PPT (1) - LING...

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