Word Structure%2c Sentence Structure%2c Word Order PPT

Word Structure%2c Sentence Structure%2c Word Order PPT -...

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Word Structure, Sentence Structure, Word Order LING 100/Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova
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The word ‘Eskimo’ Where does it come from? From French (plural) esquimaux Or from its Danish interpretation in the singular eskimo The French took it from an Algonquian language where it means ‘eaters of raw flesh’ They prefer to be called Inuit , meaning ‘people’ LING 100/Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova
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How many Eskimo words for ‘snow’? Frantz Boas in “The Handbook of North American Indians” (1911) : (1) aput ‘snow on the ground’ (2) qana ‘falling snow’ (3) piqsirpoq ‘drifting snow’ (4) qimuqsuq ‘a snow drift’ Benjamin Lee Whorf (1940): 7 words; added (5) wind-driven flying snow (6) slushy snow, (7) snow packed hard like ice =1 word in English, according to Whorf; “To an Eskimo, this all-inclusive word would be unthinkable” (Whorf) LING 100/Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova
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How many Eskimo words for ‘snow’? Pullum (1989) criticising Whorf , defends English: snow - when fluffy and white, slush - when partly melted sleet - when falling in a half-melted state blizzard – when pelting down hard enough to make driving dangerous skiers also talk of powder , crust and slush LING 100/Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova
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How many Eskimo words for ‘snow’? Woodbury (1990) : English words related to snow: How many? avalanche, blizzard, blowing snow, dusting, flurry, frost, hail, hardpack, ice lens, igloo, pingo, powder. Sleet, slush, snow, snow bank, snow cornice, snow fort, snow house, snow man, snowflake, snowstorm, (snow) drift, farzil, jailstone, icicle, serac … (27+++) LING 100/Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova
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How many Eskimo words for ‘snow’? Woodbury (1990) lists 15 words for snow in Alaskan Yup’ik (a non-Inuit Eskimoan language) 50 words in Eskimo (Bryson 1990) Anthropologist Laura Martin (Cleveland Univ.) reports: Trivia Encyclopaedia: 9 words in Eskimo New York Times Editorial (1984): 100 words Cleveland TV weather station: 200 words The number cited in reputable publications: between 3 and 200 words (Pullum 1991) LING 100/Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova
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G. Pullum (1989:279-280) “The prevalence of the great Eskimo snow hoax is testimony to falling standards in academia, but also to a wider tendency (particularly in the US, I’m afraid) toward anti-intellectual “gee-whiz” modes of discourse and increasing ignorance of scientific thought.” Don’t be a coward like me. Stand up and tell the speaker this: C. W. Schultz-Lorenzen’s Dictionary of West Greenlandic Eskimo Language (1927) gives just two possibly relevant roots: qanik , meaning ‘snow in the air’ or ‘snowflake’, and aput , meaning ‘snow on the ground’. Then add that you would be interested to know if the speaker can cite any more.” LING 100/Dr. Ivelina Tchizmarova
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What is a word?
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Word Structure%2c Sentence Structure%2c Word Order PPT -...

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