September 21. Nelson.ThePresidencyandthePoliticalSystem.Angie

September 21. Nelson.ThePresidencyandthePoliticalSystem.Angie

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Angie Morales Gov 1540: The American Presidency September 21: Presidential Power: Administrative and Executive Power Nelson, M. The Presidency and the Political System CH.16 “The  Presidency and Unilateral Power: A Taxonomy” 1. Intro o George W. Bush blamed congress for not being able to pass bill that protected religious organizations o Then proceeded to tell the audience that the only way he passed it was to sign executive "He did it on his own" o Question posed in this section Do executive orders constitute the whole of potential unilateral actions by the president- many other such actions are less visible but reach farther Can a president act whenever they have not been forbidden to do so? o Executive power- empowered by the roles the president plays, very effective in times of national emergency o Even if presidents don’t get the last say, they usually make the first move. This helps them shape whatever they are fighting for o Checks and balances is there to prevent dictatorship Job is to preside, not decide o President must make sure that the laws are executed 2. The Executive Power o "there is no sense of power in merely executing laws"- H.L. Mencken(echoing Madison) o The president is given the ability to grant reprieved, and pardons, unchecked o Most of the presidents power must be checked Treaties need to be confirmed Laws proposed by president must be passed by congress Congress can override his vetoes President can conduct wars, but the Congress has to declare them o Seems very little can be done by the president alone o Article II gives the president the executive power Yet there is no definition of what the executive power is o Under the constitution James Wilson assured that the only strict power the president would have would be to carry out the laws and appoint personnel o All legislative powers are vested in the Congress Congress
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Senate House of Representatives o Some believe that executive powers go beyond what is in Article II --- loose constructionist They have to do whatever needed to protect the Constitution As long as it is not specifically forbidden in the constitution it may be done (the power of the executive) "to act according to discretion, for the publick good, without the prescription of the Law, and sometimes even against it"- John Locke o Supreme court has stepped in to tell the president he cannot do whatever he wants
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course GOV 1540 taught by Professor Rogerporter during the Fall '10 term at Harvard.

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September 21. Nelson.ThePresidencyandthePoliticalSystem.Angie

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