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Unformatted text preview: The President’s Office Presidential leadership Edwards and Wayne CH. 6 1. Intro o Need for presidential aides and administrative units • They have three principle reasons Obtain information on people and policies Maintain linkage to the constituents Ensure their priorities are clear, decisions are implemented and interests are protected • Staff can become too distant or too involved May try to promote their own agendas and not follow presidents • Overzealous activity by presidential aides can result in Loss of perspective Failure to consider opinions or consult with a range of people Unwise or illegal behavior • Good staff support requires telling president what they may not want to hear 2. Organizing Executive Advice o Constitution did not create separate advisory council • Framers rejected the idea • Fear president might sidestep responsibility for their decisions and actions • Use council as foil o For 140 years cabinet functioned as the presidents advisory body for foreign and domestic affairs o 19th century was characterized by strong cabinets and weak presidents o Presidents influence began to increase in the 20th support • Ability to shape public opinions and mobilize partisan support i.e. Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson o Cabinet meetings became more of a forum for discussion than a mechanism for making policy decision and building support o Cabinet had little to no power • Secretaries prefer to meet with president alone rather than a group Afraid others might hear their plans • Presidents since Eisenhower have tended to meet with their cabinets less and less often o Inner cabinet consists of department of state, defense, justice, and treasury • They have a more collaborative relationship with the president o All department secretaries • Advocate for departmental interest • Exercise administrative responsibilities • Have difficulty seeing the presidents perspective and recommending solutions in accord with his needs rather than their department o White House policy councils and task forces are another way that cabinet members become involved in policy making process • Invited to join working groups • Council meetings 3. The Creation of a Presidential Bureaucracy o Executive Office of the President o Brings presidential perspective to priority policy making, coordination, and implementation o Functions are not exclusively executive • Yet the boss is the President o EPO has helped presidents perform central, no delegable tasks, including those involved in their expanding policy making, and policy implementing roles • First EPO composed of 5 separate units Included Bureau of the Budget White House • Today it consists of 6 councils, 8 offices, 2 board with staff that’s about 1800 people o EOP staff supplemented by other units from the Department of Defense, WH Communications Agency, U.S. Navy, General Serviced Administration< National Park Service, National Archives, Secret Service of Homeland Security, Commission on WH...
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course GOV 1540 taught by Professor Rogerporter during the Fall '10 term at Harvard.
- Fall '10