Wayne,Edwards.Ch. 14 Foreign and Defense Policy Making.angie

Wayne,Edwards.Ch. 14 Foreign and Defense Policy Making.angie

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Ch. 14 Foreign and Defense Policy Making Presidential leadership Edwards, Wayne Angie Intro o Job of the president is to preserve and protect the nation They use constitutional and statutory authority to do so o The extent of presidents powers , the scope of their roles, and nature of advisory systems have been subject to controversy o Powers, roles , and advisory systems all contribute to the presidents leadership capacitates o President have a broad prerogative on foreign affairs This expands during crises that threaten the nation Expansion is limited by scope and time Critical aspect Limits defined by legal and political terms o Presidents have multiple roles and multiple pressures o Roles derive from the constitution, statutes and precedent More expansive in foreign affairs than in the domestic arena o Presidents leadership problem stems from basic root They do not control the environment in which they must act Do not exercise their responsibilities alone Mau lack the complete and accurate information They also have additional components Nation-state actors Regional alliances World organizations They are more independent and not responsive to the internal political forces that condition policy making o Congress is empowered to act in foreign affairs Interest groups and professional lobbyist representing foreign corporations seek to influence US policy decision o Economies in the world are increasingly interrelated with critical resources in short supply Constitutional and Statutory Authority o The original design Presidents powers in foreign affairs and national defense have expanded significantly beyond original design Framers of the constitution anticipated a foreign policy Made a role for the president Did not want the executive to dominate the role They divided the share of foreign policy Congress decides whether to go to war Congress starts war and president has the power to end it President has the power to initiate treaties
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But they have to be ratified by 2/3 of the senate President could appoint ambassadors but they too need consent of the senate President in charge of the ceremonial duties of a head of state and the conduct of foreign policy were seen as executive responsibilities o The exercise of power Advice and consent Appointment and treaty making Senatorial courtesy Requires partisan tinge with the development of the party systems at the end of the eighteen century Has continued Consult with senators in 2whose state the federal nominee would serve Senate rules permit any senator to place a temporary hold on nomination and allow committee chairs to stop the process by refusing to hold hearings Filibusters have been used to prevent senate from voting on a presidential nominee Rarely have presidents sought the senates advice Washington had a great effect on the presidential-senatorial relations
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course GOV 1540 taught by Professor Rogerporter during the Fall '10 term at Harvard.

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Wayne,Edwards.Ch. 14 Foreign and Defense Policy Making.angie

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