(2007) Identifications

(2007) Identifications - The Courts: Marbury v. Madison:...

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The Courts: Marbury v. Madison : Supreme court decision (1803) in which the court first exercised the power of judicial review. Ruled that it was not bound by an act of Congress that was "repugnant to the Constitution It was the first time the. Court declared an act of Congress unconstitutional. McCullough v. Maryland (1819 ) – decision in which the Supreme Court first declared a state law unconstitutional (meaning judicial review applied to state courts in addition to federal courts).   1819); court  made it clear that state law could never conflict with federal law.  McCulloch was the officer of the US Bank,  Maryland taxed the US Federal Bank…state law can’t conflict with federal law. This leads to New York V. US (1991).  Feds tell NY to get rid of its waste.  SC says that  US can’t tell NY what to do. Didn’t have dual sovereignty for like a hundred years and  then it pops back up. Dred Scott v. Sandrod US v. Knight.  Sugar monopoly in PA could not be regulated by Congress because it’s  only being produced in PA (even though it’s sold everywhere).  Defined commerce in  such a way that congress has little power to regulate it. US v. Lopez:  The Court should consider the constitutionality of gun legislation, but that  case turned mostly on the scope of congressional powers under the commerce clause and,  for the most part, the Court has allowed this debate to take place within Congress and the  state legislatures. Race: Plessy v. Ferguson : (1896): separate but equal doctrine, the principle that segregated facilities were constitutional as long as they were equivalent. Supreme court stated that blacks would not be wearing a badge of inferiority. Justice HARLAN in his dissent stated that “the Constitution is colour-blind.” Brown v. Board of Ed. of Topeka, Kansas and Bolling v. Sharpe (1954): 1954 Supreme Court decision that declared racial segregation in schools unconstitutional. HUGE: Overturned Plessy, brok ground… Yet there was some dissent. Southern senators signed the ‘southern manifesto’ promising everything in their power to stop Brown being implemented. Civil Liberties Lochner v. New York (1905) Roe v. Wade (1973)
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Planned Parenthood of Southeastern PA v. Casey (1992) Bowers v. Hardwick (1986) Lawrence v. Texas (2003) Lochner v. New York (1905): backer. 14 th amendment. Active court. Griswold v. Connecticut (1965): the First, Third, Fourth, Fifth, and Ninth Amendments, applied to the states by the Fourteenth Amendment, protect privacy . Contraception could not be prohibited– violation of Right to privacy; Bowers v. Hardwick (1986) – Abortion: Roe v. Wade (1973): right to privacy: The Constitution, while not stating a right to privacy, does allow for some “zones of privacy,” which are found in the First, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth, and Fourteenth Amendments. Personal rights are fundamental, and these
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course GOV 97 taught by Professor Various during the Spring '11 term at Harvard.

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(2007) Identifications - The Courts: Marbury v. Madison:...

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