Gov 40 Final exam ID list

Gov 40 Final exam ID list - 3 Corinth Initially a Spartan...

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3. Corinth –Initially a Spartan ally naval power-fought with Megara, another Spartan ally-this uncertainty sparked conflict-strategic trading location on the Isthmus of Corinth and therefore has value as ally-Sparta feared that if they lost Corinth they would be cut off from mainland trade 4. Corcyra –Island in ancient Greece-neither allied with Athens or Sparta-involved in dispute with Corinth-Athens took Corcyra’s side-this alliance was one of the immediate causes of a shift in the Balance 6. Helots –Spartan slaves-Largely outnumbered the free, ruling SpartansAccording to Spartan domestic institution, there was no hope (except the fall of Sparta) for freedom for the Helots-Spartans worried that if Athenians were able to come in contact with Helots they could instill in them the hope for freedom and start a full-scale rebellion-This fear influenced Spartan decisions to be extra careful to keep a ‘safe’ distance between Athenian power and Spartan people- Significance of the second image 11. 1st, 2nd and 3rd image -Levels of analysis used to explain an event/outcome in studies of international relations.-Introduced by Kenneth Waltz in Man, the State and Nation.-1st: Looking at the abilities and actions of (an) individual(s).Ex: Metternich’s role in the creation of an international regime based on shared values in the post Congress of Vienna (1814) world.-2nd: Looking at the structure and performance of domestic institutions and politics. Ex: The role of British public opinion in shaping foreign policy.-3rd: Looking at the structure and balance of power of the international system.Ex: Seeing peace in the period between the Napoleonic and Crimean wars as a result of an international value system founded in a common belief in legitimate rule. 13. Congress of Vienna -Nov. 1814 – June 1815 conference following the defeat of France in the Napoleonic War.-First gathering of representatives of all the big powers to create a treaty.-Chaired by Prince von Metternich of Austria.Established post-war boundaries in Europe. -300+ German states reduced to 38 (first step toward the unification in 1871)-Renewal of the wartime Quadruple Alliance (Austria, Russia, Prussia, UK).-System preserved the balance of power in Europe, and there was peace for 40 years, hence commended by Kissinger (3rd image). 14. Metternich -Austrian Chancellor from 1809-1848.-Used the Congress of Vienna to forge an international system based on the legitimacy of rule (1st level analysis).-The Eastern Courts joined their highly conservative forces (repressive of social change).-Acclaimed by Kissinger as holding together the disintegrating multi- ethnic Austrian-Hungarian Empire. 15. Quadruple Alliance -Initially a wartime alliance forged in 1813 by the UK, Prussia, Russia and Austria during the Napoleonic wars.-Formally founded in 1815 during the Congress of Vienna to maintain the results/agreements of the peace process.-Isolationist Britain withdrew somewhat in the 1820s, making the alliance less effectual.-The system (legitimacy) forged at the Congress seen by Kissinger as vital to the preservation of continental peace for the following 40 years.
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