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Unformatted text preview: Crusades and external challenges 3. Reformation Practice of Indulgences and teaching about Purgatory Reformation under Luther Authority of scripture vs. Church Justification by faith vs. works and sacrament Priesthood of all believers vs. priests as intermediaries Reformation under Calvin Divine sovereignty and predestination Purity of worship vs. human traditions Church as synodical vs. hierarchical 4. Christianity and the Modern world Internal and External Challenges and responses Enlightenment rationalism Secularism and Naturalism Creation vs. Evolution (science vs. religion) Liberal Christianity and Fundamentalism Denominationalism and disunity...
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