1 hough[1] - 1 Hough Changing Party Coalitions I....

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1 Hough Changing Party Coalitions I. Antebellum Era a. American Revolution was an effort to create and instill a new common identity among those with relatively little in common. b. The cultural issue behind the Republican—Federalist alignment was the tension between non- English Americans and ethnically English elites in the cities. c. When the Republicans opposed the war of 1812, which was instigated by the Federalists for electoral purposes, they quickly lost electoral support. d. With this cultural issue resolved, there were no parties until white immigrants, represented by Jackson and Van Buren, rose in social and political prominence. e. The Whig party was created at this time to be the party of ethnic English. e.i. Whigs did not collapse because of slavery, but because of its inability to adapt anti- Catholic sentiment. e.ii. By attempting to attract new Catholics, they alienated their English base. e.iii. This allowed the Republican party to rise on an anti-Catholic platform. f. For many decades, the Northern Republican party depended on this coalition of British and German Americans who feared the dominance of Irish Catholics and other immigrants f.i. But German-British tensions gave the Democrats an opportunity to attract one of these groups away from the Republicans II. Post Civil War a. The South a.i. Pact among elites : After the Civil War, we were led to believe that the Progressives vanquished a series of corrupt and bumbling presidents. The Progressive version of history is misleading because the Progressives were not the middle class, but rather upper class Different warring element of the rural, urban, regional, military, and political elite came to fear each other more than the population, so they used democracy to prevent any one group from having too much power a.ii. Oz Realignment
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Southern Democrats allied with Northern industrial states To ally with New York, the Democrats had to support the gold standard But to ally with the West, the Democrats needed to adopt a pro-silver policy The Southern Democrats followed the gold standard and failed to ally with the West b. To prevent blacks, poor Southern Whites, and immigrants from voting: b.i. The Australian ballot was created, allowing only literate voters to vote. b.ii. Voluntary registration was required b.iii. The right to grant citizenship became a federal responsibility III. a. The North a.i. Northern Democrats: Party of Protestants who migrated from the South and non- Protestant immigrants a.ii. Northern Republicans: Protestants who did not come from the South b. When the relations between Germany and Great Britain became hostile, American ethnic peace also deteriorated b.i. In 1912, the Republican party had been a coalition of ethnic German and British,
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course HIST 1310 taught by Professor Marshall during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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1 hough[1] - 1 Hough Changing Party Coalitions I....

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