01_22_2008[1]

01_22_2008[1] - Notes Background on bison: Used to be one...

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Notes Background on bison: Used to be one of the most dense grazers in the U.S. (pre-1840s) Beginning of 19 th century, their numbers declined Midway through 19 th century, 10 million buffalo (1865 or so) Mostly located in West and Southwest In the summer they were grazing in the plains (but not killing the plants, just eating the tops) and in the winter they huddled near river banks Other background: Humans had a low population until the 18 th century Horses helped move people This caused the Indians to become migratory and begin to hunt the buffalo from horseback with bows and arrows o Hardest part of the hunt was to deal with the dead buffalo o Indians moved camps to locations where buffalo had been slain, and using every part of the buffalo, they continued to do so o All conflicts were over buffalo Americans come to plains in 1860s o Indians traded with them and Mexicans and others for weapons Buffalo became more extinct due to extreme harvesting and some diseases
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course HIST 1310 taught by Professor Marshall during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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01_22_2008[1] - Notes Background on bison: Used to be one...

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