0 midterm 1 - What is Aldrich's explanation for the...

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What is Aldrich’s explanation for the development of the Jeffersonian Republican— Federalist, the Whig—Democratic and the Republican—Democratic party systems that developed prior to the end of the Civil War? How does Hough’s explanation for the development of these party systems differ from Aldrich’s? 1. Aldrich explains the development of party systems through rational choice theory , where politicians act in their own self-interest. a. Aldrich speaks of two types of self-interest: one is applied in ambitions theory; the other is interest in long-term policy goals. a.i. Ambition theory finds that parties are created and maintained by ambitious office seekers, politicians, who use parties to achieve their end goals. a.i.1. As institutions, parties are able to increase politicians’ chances of winning in the future with greater regularity and to gather vast and diverse support. 2. According to Aldrich, instability catalyzed the first party system, Jefferson Republican—Federalist. a.
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course HIST 2312 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Texas State.

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0 midterm 1 - What is Aldrich's explanation for the...

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