politically powerful; attracts large numbers of people; culturally, and
—the forms are identical on both sides of the central axis
—a continuous row of columns supporting an entablature (the upper part of
an architectural order) or arches
a freestanding cylindrical support, often fluted and with a capital, used in
post-and-lintel construction, as at the parthenon.
a type of architectural construction in which the interior space is crowded
with continuous rows of columns or posts, as in the Egyptian hypostyle hall and the
mosque at Cordoba.
in architecture, an area elevated above adjacent rooftops, usually along a
Its purpose is to allow light into the interior, and it has windows on the
sides, as in the Egyptian hypostyle hall.
the entrance gate to an Egyptian temple complex, with broad battered towers and
a tall, narrow, four-sided, tapering
which ends in a
a simple system of architectural construction in which horizontal
architectural members (lintels) are supported by vertical supports (posts)
the upper part of an architectural order, which usually includes architrave,
frieze, and cornice
the internal longitudinal strength in a stone, steel, or wood beam
which enables it to support itself without breaking
bilateral symmetry, colonnade, column, hypostyle hall, primordial marshes, clerestory,