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Unformatted text preview: Shiva: the sacred places The divine female Later developments Yoga: karma, bhakti, jnana, other forms 5. Main concepts of Hinduism samsara: reincarnation karma: the results of deeds dharma: duty according to ones caste moksha: enlightenment; self-realization discussion of reincarnation 6. Philosophical Religion: the orthodox systems Nyaya/ Vaisesika Samkhya/ Yoga Purva Mimamsa/ Vedanta: Shankara, Ramanuja, Madhva 7. Internal and external challenges Jainism Buddhism Islam The West: Christianity and Secularism 8. Responses of Hinduism Ramakrishna and Vivekananda The Arya Samaj and the Brahmo Samaj Aurobindo and Gandhi Gurus, swamis, and New Age...
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