Arch 2 Notes - Architectural History 2 (ARCH 2) RENAISSANCE...

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Architectural History 2 (ARCH 2) 22:30 RENAISSANCE Focus was church building Is the world changing for the worst or for the better? Humanism Holy men who believed in the power of human beings Humans could solve problems, shape the world Nature and scholarship are important Keep looking back to Rome (1000 years before) Writers become important Education should be broadening FLORENCE Change in attitude Becomes great capital with lots of money after the Medici family moves there Money + commune + location set Florence up to be start of the Renaissance Center point of the Renaissance Started as a Roman castrum Buildings come and go, streets last forever Palazzo Vecchio City hall built by the commune people’s organization Stands as rival to the church Savonarola Thought the world was becoming too secularized
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Burned books he thought were vain Church is for and against him Burned at the stake Medicis Great banking family Move to Florence Leonardo Bruni Wrote the History of Florence praised Florence, making it the most likely place to start  progress Florence Cathedral Giotto Painter who built the bell tower of the Florence Cathedral Ghiberti Sculpturer who won competition to complete the doors of the baptistery of the Florence  Cathedral Filippo Brunelleschi Built Florence Cathedral’s dome Lost competition to complete baptistery doors Leaves Florence to study Roman architecture CATHEDRAL DOME New competition to put the dome on the church Wins competition Government wants him to share commission with Ghiberti who he later fires Hollows out dome to diminish weight  Thinner at the top Dome within a dome
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Dome created without centering Invented many machines to solve problems Problem of dome sections moving apart Uses heavy stone in the lantern to keep sections together FOUNDLING HOSPITAL Building for illegitimate children No orderly arrangement inside Loggia arcade in the front of the building (porch) Looks rational and orderly from the outside Little domes over each bay S. LORENZO Home parish of Medici family Good example of perspective demonstrated by Brunelleschi Old Sacristy Tomb for the Medici’s Centrally planned on side of the transept arm PAZZI CHAPEL AT S. CROCE Circle in a rectangle Triumphal arch form at entry with half round arches Calculated proportions Used marker to show interior facades S. MARIA DEGLI ANGELI Centrally planned building form Never completed
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Based on Minerva Medici S. SPIRITO Roman architecture was about enclosing space Tiny apse at each end Can’t see apses on the outside ran out of money Leon Battista Alberti also studied Roman architecture and used it to influence Renaissance architecture
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course MSEC 7102 taught by Professor Myers during the Fall '09 term at Texas State.

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Arch 2 Notes - Architectural History 2 (ARCH 2) RENAISSANCE...

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