ISLAM - ISLAM 1. Pre-Islamic Arabia Bedouin culture and...

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ISLAM 1. Pre-Islamic Arabia Bedouin culture and social structure Local tribal gods; angels; jinns, fairies Influence of early Christianity; Byzantine Empire; political and ethnic conflicts Judaism Zoroastrianism Ka’aba at Mecca Life of Muhammad Born 570; death of family members; caravan trade; travel and contacts Marriage to Khadija Revelations – last and greatest prophet Early converts and persecutions Hijrah to Medina in 622; response to Jews; battles with Mecca First pilgrimage to Mecca; destruction of idols Death in 632; Abu Bakr new leader 2. Quran Essence of Islam is “submission” Received by direct hearing from angel Gabriel; Delivered by recitation The Word of God – eternal, absolute, irrevocable, not subject to criticism; to be memorized and recited Written down by Zayd; authorized version by Uthman; 114 surahs Teachings: Law and destiny God is one (vs. polytheism) God is creator and has ninety-nine names
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ISLAM - ISLAM 1. Pre-Islamic Arabia Bedouin culture and...

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