Civilization - Civilization The Neolithic • Advent of...

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Unformatted text preview: Civilization The Neolithic • Advent of farming • Earliest in SW Asia at 10,3000 to 9000 ya – Jordan valley, Turkey, Iran, Iraq • Key Crops and Animals – wheat, barley, peas, chickpeas, bitter vetch, lentils, flax – goats, sheep, dogs, pigs • Neolithic Village – small farming communities – cluster of mud houses – storage pits and roasting ovens Jericho: A Neolithic Town • Small farming community 10350 ya • Near very good spring • Soils renewed often by floods from Judean Highlands • Town of 400-900 people Jericho: A Neolithic Town • Wall – Built to protect town from floods and mudflows Jericho: A Neolithic Town • Architecture – Stone Tower with staircase in corner of wall – Ceremonial buildings – Storage buildings – Cemetery Jericho: A Neolithic Town • Agriculture – harvesting tools, milling stones, wheat and barley from other contemporary sites in region – sheep and goats by 8000 ya • Vibrant Culture – evidence of long-distance trade, common art, ritual, burial practices Neolithic Technologies • Farming Technology – forks, scythes, hoes, and plows for farming • Pottery – direct cooking and storage vessels – ladles, lamps, pipes, burial – involved process • Weaving – flax, cotton, wool, silk, spindle and loom Neolithic Health • Initial improvement in diet and health – Less wear on teeth, less osteoarthritis, bones less robust • Populations increase – higher fertility, often offset by greater mortality – Family sizes increase to meet greater demand for labor • Eventual Health decline – Greater dependence on agriculture and living in larger settlements...
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Civilization - Civilization The Neolithic • Advent of...

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