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Civilization - Civilization The Neolithic Advent of farming...

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Civilization
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The Neolithic Advent of farming Earliest in SW Asia at 10,3000 to 9000 ya Jordan valley, Turkey, Iran, Iraq Key Crops and Animals wheat, barley, peas, chickpeas, bitter vetch, lentils, flax goats, sheep, dogs, pigs Neolithic Village small farming communities cluster of mud houses storage pits and roasting ovens
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Jericho: A Neolithic Town Small farming community 10350 ya Near very good spring Soils renewed often by floods from Judean Highlands Town of 400-900 people
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Jericho: A Neolithic Town Wall Built to protect town from floods and mudflows
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Jericho: A Neolithic Town Architecture Stone Tower with staircase in corner of wall Ceremonial buildings Storage buildings Cemetery
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Jericho: A Neolithic Town Agriculture harvesting tools, milling stones, wheat and barley from other contemporary sites in region sheep and goats by 8000 ya Vibrant Culture evidence of long-distance trade, common art, ritual, burial practices
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Neolithic Technologies Farming Technology forks, scythes, hoes, and plows for farming Pottery direct cooking and storage vessels ladles, lamps, pipes, burial involved process Weaving flax, cotton, wool, silk, spindle and loom
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Neolithic Health Initial improvement in diet and health Less wear on teeth, less osteoarthritis, bones less robust Populations increase higher fertility, often offset by greater mortality Family sizes increase to meet greater demand for labor Eventual Health decline Greater dependence on agriculture and living in larger settlements mortality rates increase, iron deficiency, infectious diseases more dental caries malnutrition and disease worst for children
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