The Neolithic - – forks scythes hoes and plows for farming • Pottery – direct cooking and storage vessels – ladles lamps pipes burial –

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The Neolithic
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The Neolithic Advent of farming Earliest in SW Asia at 10,3000 to 9000 ya Jordan valley, Turkey, Iran, Iraq Key Crops and Animals wheat, barley, peas, chickpeas, bitter vetch, lentils, flax goats, sheep, dogs, pigs Neolithic Village small farming communities cluster of mud houses storage pits and roasting ovens
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Jericho: A Neolithic Town Small farming community 10350 ya Near very good spring Soils renewed often by floods from Judean Highlands Town of 400-900 people
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Jericho: A Neolithic Town Wall Built to protect town from floods and mudflows
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Jericho: A Neolithic Town Architecture Stone Tower with staircase in corner of wall Ceremonial buildings Storage buildings Cemetery
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Jericho: A Neolithic Town Agriculture harvesting tools, milling stones, wheat and barley from other contemporary sites in region sheep and goats by 8000 ya Vibrant Culture evidence of long-distance trade, common art, ritual, burial practices
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Neolithic Technologies Farming Technology
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Unformatted text preview: – forks, scythes, hoes, and plows for farming • Pottery – direct cooking and storage vessels – ladles, lamps, pipes, burial – involved process • Weaving – flax, cotton, wool, silk, spindle and loom Neolithic Health • Initial improvement in diet and health – Less wear on teeth, less osteoarthritis, bones less robust • Populations increase – higher fertility, often offset by greater mortality – Family sizes increase to meet greater demand for labor • Eventual Health decline – Greater dependence on agriculture and living in larger settlements – mortality rates increase, iron deficiency, infectious diseases – more dental caries – malnutrition and disease worst for children The Neolithic Community • Neolithic villages around the world by 6000 ya • Focused on some domesticated plants and animals • Also maintained hunting and gathering • Small, autonomous communities • Little social differentiation...
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Simmons during the Spring '06 term at South Carolina.

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The Neolithic - – forks scythes hoes and plows for farming • Pottery – direct cooking and storage vessels – ladles lamps pipes burial –

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