Archaeology and Paleoanthropology

Archaeology and Paleoanthropology - Archaeology and...

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Unformatted text preview: Archaeology and Paleoanthropology Who Archaeologist an anthropologist who studies human culture through material remains of past behaviors Paleoanthropologist an anthropologist who studies human evolution from fossil remains What Artifact An object made by human hands Fossil preserved remains of past plants and animals mummified, dried, frozen most often hard parts of body (bones, teeth, shells, horns) permeated by minerals or trapped in layers of rock Where Site place containing remains of past human activities Fossil locality place where fossils are found Biases in the Fossil Record Differential Preservation Climate-warm and wet, decay; cold or hot and dry, preserve Habitat-water, drop to bottom and preserve; forest, decay on ground or in trees Pre-burial disturbance-weathering by elements, removed from original context by other animal or natural processes Biases in the Fossil Record Sampling Error differential preservation accessibility of sites interests of researchers funding La Chapelle-aux-Saints Neanderthal skeleton found in SW france in 1908...
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Archaeology and Paleoanthropology - Archaeology and...

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