Primates - The Living Primates COMMON MAMMAL TRAITS Dense...

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The Living Primates The Living Primates
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COMMON MAMMAL COMMON MAMMAL TRAITS TRAITS Dense hair or fur covering Warm-blooded Give birth to live young Nurse Long period of infant dependence
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The Primates Prehensile hands and feet--arboreal existence Specialized forelimb highly developed ability to flex, rotate, and extend distinction between arm and leg exploring, catching insects and grabbing fruit Emphasis on Eyesight stereoscopic for depth perception, also color vision Small Number of Offspring Per Birth no more than 2 or 3, usually 1 Large Brain needs lots of visual, auditory, tactile, social information for adaptation Prolonged Pregnancy and Dependency high quality care concentrated on one or a few
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Physical Traits of Primates Common physical traits of primates include similarities in: hands and feet eye position rotation of the forearm brain size and function
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THE SOCIAL PRIMATE Social life, especially for diurnal primates, is very important for survival Most primates have an extended length of dependency during which time the young can observe and learn from adult members Play is an important part of the learning process for primates Some research has noted that chimpanzees learn from observation and imitation Pecking order among primates is governed by rules of conduct Subordinates show respect
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Classifying Primates
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Prosimian = “Pre-monkey” Unlike anthropoids in ears, whiskers, snouts, and faces Like anthropoids in hands, vision, and brain Lemurlike Forms Lorislike Forms Tarsierlike Forms Quadrupeds - Move on all fours Vertical clinging and leaping Active during the evening (nocturnal) Prosimians
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Simmons during the Spring '06 term at South Carolina.

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Primates - The Living Primates COMMON MAMMAL TRAITS Dense...

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