Historical Perspectives on The Development of Humanity

Historical Perspectives on The Development of Humanity -...

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Historical Perspectives on The Development of Humanity
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The Hebrew and Christian Bibles (aka Old and New Testaments) Archbishop James Ussher (1581-1656) determined the world was created in 4004 BC in 1650 “upon the entrance of the night preceding the twenty third day of October” used Bible, astronomical cycles, historical records became widely accepted
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The Hebrew and Christian Bibles (aka Old and New Testaments) 17th to 19th Centuries not denying the bible, many people sought enlightenment by studying the natural world called themselves natural scientists or natural philosophers worship god by studying and venerating his works The Wisdom of God Manifested in the Works of His Creation by Reverend John Jay in 1691
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Uniformitarianism new science of geology revealed that the world had gone through extensive changes could see it happening: erosion, volcanic eruptions, action of rivers, etc how then to reconcile the apparent changes with the shallow depth of time?
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Catastrophists earth’s appearance due to a series of natural catastrophes Noah’s flood was one floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions on a global scale accounted for evidence of substantial change in the earth
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Little Evidence for Fast Change as geology emerged as a science based on observation and hypotheses didn’t observe any of the catastrophes did see lots of slow moving things causing change
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Reverend Thomas Burnet (1635-1715) suggested these slow moving processes explained the earth erosion by ice, wind and water still thought the world was young, otherwise mountains would have eroded away
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Robert Hooke (1635-1703) fascinated by fossils while others argued they were hoaxes, suggests were remains of ancient animals indicated that the earth was constantly changing caused by Noah’s flood, but slow moving processes as well actually correct in that regard, but still assumed it all started by divine efforts he was puzzled by the fact that ancient objects from places like China were not fossilized
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Georges Buffon (1701-1788) A Natural History first volume published in 1749 essentially indicated that needed to look at
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Simmons during the Spring '06 term at South Carolina.

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Historical Perspectives on The Development of Humanity -...

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