anthro 101 - ANTHRO 101 REVIEW 1. Four Fields of...

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ANTHRO 101 REVIEW 1. Four Fields of Anthropology a. Cultural (Social) a.i. The comparative, cross-cultural, study of human society and culture. a.ii. Cultural anthropologists engage in ethnology and ethnography a.ii.1. Ethnology is the study of socio-cultural differences and similarities b. Archaeological b.i. Study of human behavior through material remains b.i.1. From info gathered from remains, archaeologists reconstruct patterns of production, trade, and consumption. b.ii. Examine paleocology which looks at the ecosystems of the past c. Linguistic c.i. Study of language and linguistic diversity in time, space, and society. c.i.1. Sociolinguistics investigates relationships between social and linguistic variation. d. Biological (Physical) d.i. Study of human biological variation in time and space d.i.1. Human evolution as revealed by the fossil record d.i.2. Human Genetics d.i.3. Human Growth and development d.i.4. Human biological plasticity d.i.5. The biology, evolution, behavior, and social life of monkeys, apes, and other nonhuman primates d.ii. Also includes primatology – the study of primates which include our closest relatives: apes and monkeys e. All four subfields consider variation in time and in space 2. Ethnography a. Fieldwork in a particular setting to collect data b. Provides an account of a particular community, society, and culture. c. Ethnographer gathers data that he or she organizes, describes, analyzes, and interprets to build and present that account d. Group and community specific e. Very descriptive f. Ethnographic techniques f.i. Firsthand observation of behavior, including Participant observation f.ii. Building rapport and using interviews f.iii. Genealogical Method f.iii.1. Using diagrams and symbols to record kin connections f.iv. Detailed work with informants or key cultural consultants f.v. Collection of life histories via in depth interviewing Discovery of local beliefs and perception, which may be compared with the ethnographers own observations and conclusions g. Interview schedule – Form used to structure a formal, but personal, interview
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3. Bronislaw Malinowski – Father of ethnography; Functionalist a. Early contributor to the cross-cultural study of human psychology b. Famous for his field work among the Trobriand Islanders of the south pacific c. His study of the Trobriand Islanders refuted Freuds Oedipus complex c.i. In the Trobriand tribe, the brother of the mother disciplines the child, while the
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This note was uploaded on 02/21/2012 for the course ANTHRO 101 taught by Professor Peters during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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anthro 101 - ANTHRO 101 REVIEW 1. Four Fields of...

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