Power and ideology

Power and ideology - deep structure level of power Popular...

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An ideology is a system of ideas that are the basis of theories; it often refers to our basic, taken-for-granted assumptions about how things are or should be Ideology touches every aspect of life and is manifested in our words, actions, and practices Ideology is never neutral, is associated with the interests of dominant individals and groups, and is often exercised unconsciously Mumby ’s (1989) analysis of power illustrates 4 functions of ideology: Ideology represents sectional interests to be universal Ideology denies system contradictions Ideology naturalized the present through reification – the process whereby socially contructed meanings come to be perceived as real, objective, and fixed, such that members forget their participation in the construction of those meanings Ideology functions as a form of control ( hegemony ) Myths, metaphors, and stories are the surface structure forms of communication that contain implicit, hidden, and taken-for-granted ideological assumptions that reside at a
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Unformatted text preview: deep structure level of power Popular myths, stories, and metaphors include the myth of the “real job.” Clair (1996) and Buzzanell (2000) have examined this metaphor and the ways in which it frames employees’ social contracts with their employers Over time, these narratives legitimaze or define appropriate behavior and suspend employees’ critical thinking The hidden power of organizational systems and structures within capitalist societies is characterized by the manufacture of consent and concertive control Manufacture of consent – the process in which employees at all levels willingly adopt and enforce the legitimate power of the ogranization, society, or system of capitalism Concertive control – a replacement for bureaucratic controls in which workers achieve a consensus on how to shape behavior according to core values. Often systems of concertive control can be more stringent and less forgiving than their bureaucratic counterparts...
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