This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.
View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Matlab Basics Tutorial Vectors Functions Plotting Polynomials Matrices Printing Using Mfiles in Matlab Getting help in Matlab Key Matlab Commands used in this tutorial are: plot polyval roots conv deconv polyadd inv eig poly Note : Nonstandard Matlab commands used in this tutorials are highlighted in green . M atlab is an interactive program for numerical computation and data visualization; it is used extensively by control engineers for analysis and design. There are many different toolboxes available which extend the basic functions of Matlab into different application areas; in these tutorials, we will make extensive use of the Control Systems Toolbox. Matlab is supported on Unix, Macintosh, and Windows environments; a student version of Matlab is available for personal computers. For more information on Matlab, contact the Mathworks . The idea behind these tutorials is that you can view them in one window while running Matlab in another window. You should be able to redo all of the plots and calculations in the tutorials by cutting and pasting text from the tutorials into Matlab or an mfile. Vectors Let's start off by creating something simple, like a vector. Enter each element of the vector (separated by a space) between brackets, and set it equal to a variable. For example, to create the vector a, enter into the Matlab command window (you can "copy" and "paste" from your browser into Matlab to make it easy): a = [1 2 3 4 5 6 9 8 7] Matlab should return: a = 1 2 3 4 5 6 9 8 7 Let's say you want to create a vector with elements between 0 and 20 evenly spaced in increments of 2 (this method is frequently used to create a time vector): t = 0:2:20 t = 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Manipulating vectors is almost as easy as creating them. First, suppose you would like to add 2 to each of the elements in vector 'a'. The equation for that looks like: b = a + 2 b = 3 4 5 6 7 8 11 10 9 Now suppose, you would like to add two vectors together. If the two vectors are the same length, it is easy. Simply add the two as shown below: c = a + b c = 4 6 8 10 12 14 20 18 16 Subtraction of vectors of the same length works exactly the same way. Functions To make life easier, Matlab includes many standard functions. Each function is a block of code that accomplishes a specific task. Matlab contains all of the standard functions such as sin, cos, log, exp, sqrt, as well as many others. Commonly used constants such as pi, and i or j for the square root of 1, are also incorporated into Matlab....
View
Full
Document
This document was uploaded on 02/22/2012.
 Fall '09

Click to edit the document details