basic review

basic review - Modern/liberal period (1880s-1930s)-...

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Unformatted text preview: Modern/liberal period (1880s-1930s)- Argentina loved post-colonialism and the global economy. o Brazil and Colombia love coffee o Cuba sugar o Argentina gold, what, and livestock Refrigerator ships make beef trade possible and profitable o Mexico minerals, Venezuela oil o Chile, nitrates, copper, orin- Brazil was producing two thirds of the coffee drunk in the entire world by the 1900s o Also had a big rubber industry- Coffee and tobacco allowed for small farms to do well, as opposed to sugar and mining, which were often very industrialized and shit. o Sugar and mining both required processing and high capital investments, requiring large corporate-like influence. o As did crude oil refineries in Venezuela and mexico- As long as there were other industries tied to exports, growth was possible- Middle classes grew, but remained small portions of total populations. Rural vs. wealthy o Rural poor grew at the expense of exporting and Progress.- Direct foreign investment was key in countries, resulting in railroad construction for transporting exports. RAILROADS WERE BIG. o Argentina o Brazil o Uruguay o Cuba o Chile- NEOCOLONIALISM: foreign investment and influence permeates as it did during colonial area.- Example: in 1899 United Fruit Company owned 112 miles of central Americas railroad and over 200000 acres of land throughout the Caribbean and central America. o They also encouraged the CIA to overthrow the democratically elected government due to policy disagreements, sparking a civil war. o UFC was in costa rica, Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, panama, Colombia, and Venezuela. o Banana republics in central America and the Caribbean did not grow because they separated industry from rest of internal economy. o Managerial positions reserved for white US personnel, while natives did the machete work. United Fruit and Conflict in Colombia- 1928, Cienaga and Santa Marta, Colombia- Strike by United Fruit workers (11,000-30,000) o Since world depression causes the necessity to cut costs and labor. o Previously, united fruit had provided lots of benefits and even education and health care o They wanted 6 day week, suitable living wages, appropriate labor conditions- Repression o Colombian Army subdues strikes and laborers with fruit, very suspicious, United Fruit behind it?...
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2012 for the course GEOG 259 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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basic review - Modern/liberal period (1880s-1930s)-...

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