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Unformatted text preview: 10/13/2011 Neocolonialism (economic aspects) GEOG 259 Study island nations for quiz as well Independence recap- Forging new identities o Nativism- Opportunity for change o Self-government o Free trade, access to international markets (being able to determine who you can trade with, as opposed to mercantilism)- Continuity o Export of raw materials (agriculture and mining) o Hierarchal societies o Dependence of foreign investors Neocolonialism- 1880-1930 (read Chestine’s chapter and ish)- Progress o What is progress: economic growth, connectedness… o How do we know progress occurs, indicators? Change in the landscape (industrialization, urban landscapes, and general improvement in living conditions/education/rights. Etc.)- Modernization – a process of progress in technology, infrastructure… o Modernization theory: stages/steps for development according to various indicators (literacy, health, education...)- Comparative advantage: competing in costs of production (silver, bananas). Some latin American countries are tailor made to produce certain goods. A great example of the Enlightenment- “Uncle Sam’s new class in the art of self-governance” in Harper’s weekly, Americans felt superior in their ability to rule themselves, and the need to help other countries.- Cuba and Philippines were disobedient, while Hawaii and Puerto Rico were obedient. 19 th Century Progress- Increase in technology.- Railroads – the main indicator of modernity and extraction of resources (and that’s it, not for public transportation)- Bridges- Telegraph- Refrigeration- Through direct foreign investments and loans. Mostly by the US- Railroads are difficult to build (esp. through the Andes)- Copper, Zinc, Silver, and Lead were prime mineral resources.- Focus was on extracting resources and getting them to the coast, an idea that was also present during colonial period....
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- Fall '08
- banana republic, United Fruit Company, United Fruit