GEOG Final Study Guide

GEOG Final Study Guide - GEOG 232 Study Guide The Moral...

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GEOG 232 Study Guide The Moral Economy of the Peasant - Coping Strategies o Technical Arrangements o Social Arrangements Belt-tightening “self-help” *Reciprocity Social Capital- if I provide you with assistance, you owe me something down the road - Comparative Historical Similarities o Exposure to a world market Volatility/Instability Impersonal o Rice Exports during the Great Depression Rice grew Banks and Creditors were repaid at the exposure of producers - Comparative Historical Differences o Economy : Americans are insulated from global agricultural commodity food changes o State : Welfare State; Tax: Progressive (U.S), Fixed (U.N) - Comparative Historical Analysis between Great Depression of U.S and Great Depression of Southeast Asia o Prices decrease o Crippling Debt o Frontier o Ecology - droughts, crop failures; coping strategies - Peasant - owns means of production (land, labor, capital); Also a unit of consumption eat what they grow - Geneology o Peasant Rebellions- 1960s-70s o Agrarian Studies- Chayamov- The Theory of Peasant Economy o Social History- E.P Thompson- The Moral Economy of the English Crowd - Legitimacy - belief in some kind of custom; broadly held among a community; sanctioned by law 1. What was the Peasants Moral Economy? a. Secure what the can for themselves and sell the rest to make a profit b. Still needed to pay taxes c. They were worried about what was going to happen d. Safety first- right to subsistence/life e. Reciprocity- Norm 2. How did European Colonialism transform Southeast Asian Societies? a. State craft- fixed taxation vs. variable b. Economy- Exposure to world markets
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c. Most populated lowlands were brought under colonial administration taxes d. SE Asia relied on rice production 3. Why did peasants rebel? a. Taxes rose, and there was a fixed tax rate b. Rice prices fell, needed to produce more but they were no longer making a profit on rice c. Rebelled to push ideas d. Could not afford a normal standard of living e. Scissors Crisis - squeezed on both sides; income went down, credit went down e.i. Ratchet Effect in class relations- used to produce, now rely on landlords 4. What is a norm? a. Considered a standard procedure; something expected; something that should happen 5. What is a right? a. Elites considered rights a “privilege” b. Obligation to take care of people - Mystification- peasants do understand their reality, even though people did not think they did o They knew what was going on but could not do much to fix it o Made jokes about power, but don’t try to fix it - If legitimacy fails, peasants try to overthrow, then powerful fight back - Right to subsistence; norm of reciprocity; legitimacy/domination; economic justice and exploitation Kloppenburg- The First Seed - Spotlights the history of plant breeding and shows how efforts to control the seed have shaped the emergence of the agricultural biotechnology industry. This second edition of a classic work in the political economy of science includes an extensive, new chapter
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GEOG Final Study Guide - GEOG 232 Study Guide The Moral...

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