Notes-The Age of Reform 11-04

Notes-The Age of Reform 11-04 - The Age of Reform...

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The Age of Reform 11/04/2010 1. Opinions on Reform a. Ralph Waldo Emerson “New England Reformers” (1844) a.i. The reform impulse is so strong/reform is everywhere everyone has a cause b. Edgar Allen Poe b.i. Many believe reformers to be odd c. Reformers to: c.i. Abolish all public entertainment c.ii. Prohibit delivery of mail on Sunday for religious reasons c.iii. Improve conditions in prisons, hospitals, etc. c.iv. Believe that nation should not fight wars c.v. Abolish slavery c.vi. Women should vote c.vii. Sylvester Graham invented the Graham Cracker (1829) to prevent young Americans from masturbation d. Americans believed that they could reform the nation e. Reform is much stronger in the North than the South, makes sense because North is most affected by market revolution 2. Ideological Roots of Antebellum Reform a. Democratization of Politics (Jacksonian Democracy) a.i. Celebrates power of the common man b. Second Great Awakening (1800-1840) b.i. Surge in evangelical fervor b.ii. Uncertainty is everywhere but there is one certainty: God b.iii. May have no control over earthly life, but have absolute control of spiritual destiny
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Notes-The Age of Reform 11-04 - The Age of Reform...

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