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FINAL REVIEW content - 19th Century Drama Political Events...

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th Century Drama Political Events - See timeline in book - Massive changes occurring that affect theater. Technical innovations - Gas jets: lights could be dimmed in the theater as a result the house could be gradually or completely darkened. Selective lighting could heighten emotional effect of plays. Actors moved off of the apron and deeper into set. - Lighting placed in between scenery and behind proscenium pillars this result in actors being more visible - Proscenium arch a window into the scene - Scenery: machinery can lift actors from stage (fly space, offers more dramatic effect) - Stage: apron shrank, proscenium opening became fourth wall Production Changes - In 1840 costumes began to accurately reflect the period of the drama. - Designers researched period of the play in an effort to reproduce accurate clothing. - Good lighting demanded better scenery and costumes - The director- due to emerging complexity he/she fulfilled a need. Romantic Drama - British romantic poets: John Keats, Percy Bysshe Shelly, Lord Byron - Closet dramas popular, cumbersome - Cries for democracy and personal liberation o Stressed the individual Melodrama - Melo means song, originally resembled comic operettas - Later developed into dramas using background music to alter the mood - Plays were sentimental with well-defined heroes, heroines and villains - Lots of twists and turns in the plots - Strong emotional appeal - Decisive endings, good person always win - Camille by Alexandre Dumas - Uncle Tom’s Cabin is a melodramatic novel - Opera: La Travista The Well Made Play – Eugene Scribe - Exposition: an explanation of what is going on and one or two surprises - Surprise: a letter opened at a critical moment - Suspense: steadily built throughout play - Climax: late in the play, secrets revealed, hero confronts antagonist and wins - Denouement: resolution of the drama, all lose ends tied up. Mid-20
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FINAL REVIEW content - 19th Century Drama Political Events...

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