Extinction - Lec 20 - Cronk extinction class lecture 2010

Extinction - Lec 20 - Cronk extinction class lecture 2010 -...

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Koisa’s People: anguage Death Language Death and Ethnic Shifting in East Africa By Lee Cronk Professor of Anthropology Rutgers University
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Some extinct ethnic identities: Akkadians Alans Alemanni Amorites Angles vars Belgae Burgundians Chichimecs Avars Belgae Burgundians Chichimecs Cimmerians Dorians Dymanes Etruscans Franks Goths Gurjaras Gutians Hermunduri Hittites Huari Huns Hurrians Hyksos Hylleis Juan-Juan Jutes Khazars Kushans Lombards Luvians Marcomanni Medes Ostrogoths Pamphyloi Pechenegs Phrygians Picts Quadi abines Salians Saxons Semnones Suebi Sabines Salians Saxons Semnones Suebi Tanguts Thuringians Tocharians Toltecs andals isigoths Volga-Bulgars Volsci Vd s Vsgo s Vog ug s Vosc
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Many current ethnicities may seem ncient but are actually quite new ancient but are actually quite new. Example: Being “French”
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From “Mukogodo” to “Maasai”: thnic shifting as a survival strategy Ethnic shifting as a survival strategy
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Location: Mukogodo Division, Laikipia District, Rift alley Province Kenya East Africa Valley Province, Kenya, East Africa
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Until about 1936: Cave-dwelling, hunting-and-gathering, bee-keeping Yaaku-speakers who paid beehives as bridewealth.
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Mukogodo origins ¾ Possible Khoisan- speaking ancestors ¾ Yaakuan- speakers dominate area ~3kya – 1kya ¾ Maa-speakers arrive within the ast few hundred past few hundred years
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The creation of a “Mukogodo” ethnic identity ~ Apa! : Lentolla lineage establishes large territory that includes holy mountain Ol Doinyo Lossos ~1700s/1800s: Sialo clan establishes a cluster of territories in the southeastern part of the forest ~1840: Leitiko lineage founded; gets an 1840: Leitiko lineage founded; gets an average-sized territory ~1880: Matunge lineage founded, given a ll t k t it small, token territory Upshot: “Mukogodo” identity forged in the mid-19 th century
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Since about 1936: House-dwelling, livestock-keeping Maa- speakers who pay livestock as bridewealth.
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ecoming “Maasai” Becoming “Maasai”
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Extinction - Lec 20 - Cronk extinction class lecture 2010 -...

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