Week 6 lecture

Week 6 lecture - Asian Exclusion Sociology 108 Professor...

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Unformatted text preview: Asian Exclusion Sociology 108 Professor Catherine Lee Week 6 Laws & Policies Regulating Chinese and Japanese Immigration C h in e s e Japanese A tta c k P r o s titu tio n 1 8 7 5 P a g e L a w: P ro h ib it C h in e s e w o m e n fr o m e n te r in g for “lewd or immoral” p u rp o s e s J a p a n e s e a n d o th e r “ o r i e n t a l” w o m e n in c lu d e d ; C h in e s e w o m e n th e r e a l ta r g e t F a m ily R e u n ific a tio n ? N o p ro v is io n Y e s ; G e n tle m e n ’ s A g re e m e n t o f 1 9 0 7 -8 W iv e s a n d c h ild re n o f la b o r e r s p e r m itte d E th n ic G r o u p E x c lu s io n C h in e s e E x c lu s io n A c t N o J a p a n e s e s p e c ific of 1882 e x c lu s io n a ry la w E v e n tu a l E x c lu s io n C h in e s e E x c lu s io n A c t E n tr y b a r r e d to th o s e m a d e p e r m a n e n t 1 9 0 2 “ i n e lig ib le fo r c itiz e n s h ip ” 1 9 2 4 Laws & Policies Affecting Asian Immigration • • • • • 1875 P age A ct 1 8 8 2 C h in e s e E x c lu s io n A c t - m a d e p e rm a n e n t in 1 9 0 2 1907-8 Gentlemen’s Agreement The “Barred Zone” Act - 1917 1 9 2 4 Im m i g r a ti o n A c t Chinese Immigrants in Settling the Chinese West • Push and pull factors • Early Chinese society largely male and bachelor • Provide cheap labor in mining, railroad construction, and light manufacturing • Role of women Table 1 Chinese and Japanese Americans in the Contiguous U.S., 1870-1940 Year 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 Chinese 63,199 105,465 107,475 89,863 71,531 61,639 Japanese 1930 1940 74,954 77,504 138,834 126,947 SOURCE: United States Census 2,039 24,326 72,157 111,010 Table 2 Chinese Population by Sex and Sex Ratio in the Contiguous U.S., 1860 to 1890 Year Male Female 1860 33,149 1,784 34,933 Ratio Males to Female 18.6 to 1 1870 58,633 4,566 63,199 12.8 to 1 1880 100,686 4,779 105,465 21.1 to 1 1890 103,620 3,868 107,488 26.8 to 1 SOURCE: United States Census Total Japanese Immigrants in Settling the Japanese West • P u s h a n d p u l l fa c to r s • A g r i c u l tu r a l w o r k • P i c tu r e B r i d e p r a c ti c e : fa m i l y fo r m a ti o n • 1907-8 Gentlemen’s Agreement Table 3 Japanese Population by Sex and Sex Ratio in 48 Contiguous States, 1900 to 1930 Year Male Female 1900 23,314 958 24,272 Ratio Males to Female 24.3 to 1 1910 63,070 9,087 72,157 6.9 to 1 1920 72,707 38,303 110,010 1.9 to 1 1930 81,771 54,980 136,751 1.5 to 1 1940 71,967 54,980 126,946 1.3 to 1 SOURCE: Daniels (1988:127) Total Table 4 Japanese Population by Nativity, Sex, and Sex Ratio in Contiguous U.S., 1920 Male Foreign Born 57,304 24,198 81,502 Ratio: Male to Female 2.4 to 1 Native Born 15,403 14,105 29,508 1.1 to 1 Total 72,707 38,303 111,010 1.9:1 SOURCE: United States Census Female Total Table 5 Japanese Agricultural Landholdings, 1905-1913 Year Owned C ashLease S h a re Lease C o n tr a c t T o ta l 1905 2 ,4 4 2 3 5 ,2 5 8 1 9 ,5 7 3 4 ,7 7 5 6 1 ,8 5 8 1906 8 ,6 7 1 4 1 ,8 5 5 2 4 ,8 2 6 2 2 ,1 0 0 9 7 ,4 5 2 1907 1 3 ,8 1 5 5 6 ,8 8 9 4 8 ,2 2 8 1 3 ,3 5 9 1 3 1 ,2 9 2 1908 1 5 ,1 1 4 5 5 ,9 7 1 5 7 ,5 7 8 2 6 ,1 3 8 1 5 5 ,5 8 1 1909 1 6 ,4 4 9 8 0 ,2 3 2 5 7 ,0 0 1 4 2 ,2 7 6 1 9 5 ,9 5 8 1910 1 6 ,9 8 0 8 9 ,4 6 4 5 0 ,3 9 9 3 7 ,8 9 8 1 9 4 ,7 4 2 1911 1 7 ,7 6 5 1 1 0 ,4 4 2 6 2 ,0 7 0 4 9 ,4 4 3 2 3 9 ,7 2 0 1912 2 6 ,5 7 1 1 2 4 ,6 5 6 5 6 ,0 5 3 3 8 ,4 7 3 2 4 5 ,7 5 3 1913 2 7 ,7 0 7 1 5 5 ,4 8 8 5 0 ,4 9 5 4 8 ,9 9 7 2 8 1 ,6 8 7 SOURCE: Ichioka (1998:150) ...
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