Georg Dionysus Ehret
Vincent van Gogh
Leonardo da Vinci
Yum Kaax, Yucatan, Chultunes.
Tenochtitlan, Milpas, Chinampas, Mexico City.
Macchu Pichu, Potato culture,
Terra cotta spindle whorls
5000 BCE These
objects were used as weights in the process of spinning threads.
Changes from Wild Species to Domesticated Crop
1. Gigas characteristics
Cultivated plants appear larger, more robust, larger thicker leaves, fleshier roots, larger flowers, fruits, and seeds. a. Polyploidy b. Possibility of
internal changes in the chromosomes which are often larger and thicker in cultivated plants c. Mutation 2. Reduction in fertility a. Decrease in
fertility though eduction in seed number, increase in seed size. b. Loss of fertility, particularly true for crops in which economic portion is not the
seed. Many sweet potatoes no longer flower. Many seedless crops (banana, orange). Thus, crops are dependent on humans for survival. 3. Loss of
survival characters Shattering ability in grains Potato tubers borne close to plant in domestic types, spread in wild types Thin vs. thick shells in nuts
another name for common man. It was discovered around 200,000 years ago.
-a condiment and drug of the ancient
Mediterranean world and also used to show wealth, now extinct.
It was literally worth its weight in silver, was highly prized as a luxury item in
antiquity and was sought after as a seasoning and a culinary enhancer.
gashing by Amos
requires a fruit wasp for pollination and
fruit development. However, since there was no fruit wasp in Egypt, Amos discovered that by scaring the tissue of the fruit, it is induced to mature
and ripen, an ethylene response.
-was a drug that was used in the trade of good between china and England. China wanted to keep the
opium out but the English traded tea.
-is an old world crop, the Code of Hammurabi contains pollination of the date palm. Also found in
Egyptian gardens around pools.
Laws of Hammurabi regarding date palm-
This document contained some agricultural practices such as irrigation
and pollination of the date palm, showing that the Babylonians were fully aware of how to make the plants produce food.
Apples from Kazakhstan-
are an old world crop and first discovered in china.
Estate of the Romans, most gardens eloborate ornamental horticulture.