Maize term paper

Maize term paper - Outline Introduction II History/Origin...

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Outline I. Introduction II. History/Origin III. The Process of Raising Maize IV. Development of the Maize Plant V. Uses of Maize VI. Future of Maize I. Introduction Maize, also known as corn in Great Britain and the United States, is the most widespread food plant in the world . This is also the only food crop which is grown in all fifty states in the United States of America . Maize has many different uses—ranging from food for livestock and humans to automotive parts, textiles, and perfume . Maize can be found in a wide variety of climates and regions from “forty degrees south latitude in South America all the way to fifty- eight degrees north latitude in Russia and Canada” . II. History/Origin The domestication of maize can be traced back to over eight thousand years ago . One form of maize has even been believed to be first harvested as early as ten thousand years ago in Mesoamerica . From this point maize spread swiftly into Central America, proceeding then into South America through the Andes about four thousand years prior to today . The farming of maize began in New England and upstate New York by the year 1200 A .D. At first maize had a negative belief held against it as it was thought to be less nutritious than other grains being used at the time such as oats, wheat, and barley; these products were used to produce food products such as bread . Maize was seen fit only for animals and the poorest of people, who ate it and fed it as mush (ground corn and water mixed together) . It came across this way even though it was more productive than wheat, had the ability to grow in harsher environments where other crops typically failed, and had a shorter growing season compared to other crops being produced during that time period . Italy, however, was the first to incorporate maize in many different foods including pasta and cheese, and led the way in altering it into a food that is now used worldwide in even more food products . After the year 1492, maize quickly spread into Africa, Asia, and Europe and was exceptionally successful because it did not compete directly with the grain crops at the time
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which consisted largely of millet, rice, oats, barley, and wheat . Maize could also be grown in many areas that were unsuitable for the other grain crops due to elevation climates, topography, aridity, and soil . Maize also possesses the ability to produce twice the yield per acre compared to wheat, which converted many acres from wheat to maize . III. The Process of Raising Maize The process of growing maize from the starting point of the farmer receiving his seed to plant to the finishing point of the corn being processed into the final product is a relatively simple process . Yet, many people do not understand all that it takes in order for their maize to make it to their dinner table or into the products they use in the United States . The process I will describe is for typical field corn, which is the primary type of corn grown in the U
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Maize term paper - Outline Introduction II History/Origin...

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