Mini-Lecture Part 2 The Americas Before Columbus

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Mini-Lecture Part 2/ The Americas Before Columbus This chapter introduces the student to the great cultures of the New World. The focus will primarily deal with the New World before the advent of Christopher Columbus. The student will be introduced to the great civilizations of Mexico, Central America and South America. An explanation for the term pre-Columbian will focus attention on the cultures' activities before the Spaniards came to the New World, before the conquest of Mexico by Hernan Cortés, before the invasion of Peru by Francisco Pizarro. The student will meet the great civilizations, which developed complex religious rituals to substantiate their right to rule and to keep their "world in harmony." The student will be introduced to the marvels
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Unformatted text preview: of architecture, painting and a dynamic sculptural tradition that measured up to the great civilizations of the ancient world. Commonalties of religious themes will also be investigated. This chapter will also examine the dynamics of trade and visual diffusion within the vast geography that is the New World. In addition to the great cultures of Mexico, Central America and South America, the student will discover the "prehistoric" peoples of the United States and Canada. Educated speculations will be presented as to possible reasons for the demise of these great cultures (prior to the advent of the Spaniards) and the dynamics of the interchange: trade, military conquest and religious diffusion will be examined....
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