pec2004-0003 - INSTITUTE OF BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE ! RESEARCH...

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Unformatted text preview: INSTITUTE OF BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE ! RESEARCH PROGRAM ON POLITICAL and ECONOMIC CHANGE ! University of Colorado at Boulder Boulder CO 80309-0484 WORKING PAPER PEC2004-0003 ! _______________________________________________________________________________ Transfer of Technology to Developing Countries: Unilateral and Multilateral Policy Options Bernard M. Hoekman Keith E. Maskus Kamal Saggi May, 2004 Research Program on Political and Economic Change Working Paper PEC2004-0003 TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY TO DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: UNILATERAL AND MULTILATERAL POLICY OPTIONS* Bernard M. Hoekman 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433, World Bank Phone : (202) 473-1185, fax: (202) 522 1159, bhoekman@worldbank.org ; Keith E. Maskus UCB 256, University of Colorado, Boulder CO 80309-0256; phone 303-42-7588; fax 303-492-8960; maskus@colorado.edu Kamal Saggi Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX 75275-0496. Phone (214) 768-3274, fax (214) 768-1821; ksaggi@mail.smu.edu Abstract: This paper analyzes national and international policy options to encourage the international transfer of technology, distinguishing between four major channels of such transfer: trade in products, trade in knowledge, direct foreign investment and intra- national and international movement of people. A typology of country &types and appropriate policy rules of thumb is developed as a guide to both national policymakers and rule making in the WTO. We argue that policies should differentiate between countries. The policy recommendations made illustrate the more general need for such differentiation in the application of special and differential treatment of developing countries in the WTO. JEL classification: F13 Keywords: Technology transfer, multilateral trade negotiations, economic development, special and differential treatment, WTO * This paper draws in part on analysis in Saggi (2003) and Maskus (2003). We are grateful to Francis Ng for assistance in providing data. The views expressed are personal and should not be attributed to the World Bank. 1 TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY TO DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: UNILATERAL AND MULTILATERAL POLICY OPTIONS* Abstract: This paper analyzes national and international policy options to encourage the international transfer of technology, distinguishing between four major channels of such transfer: trade in products, trade in knowledge, direct foreign investment and intra- national and international movement of people. A typology of country &types and appropriate policy rules of thumb is developed as a guide to both national policymakers and rule making in the WTO. We argue that policies should differentiate between countries. The policy recommendations made illustrate the more general need for such differentiation in the application of special and differential treatment of developing countries in the WTO....
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pec2004-0003 - INSTITUTE OF BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE ! RESEARCH...

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